The Gardiner is now open from Thursday - Sunday, including free weekend admission! There's plenty of space to reconnect and amazing art to discover in all corners of the Museum. Clay Restaurant is still open Tuesday - Sunday. Reservations fill up fast, so book your table early. Please read our new health and safety policies before you visit.
From sticky to crusty, pliable to powdery, and shaped to shapeless, clay’s ability to transform in real time is prompting a new generation of artists to explore the possibilities of this ancient material. RAW features new work by four artists who are pushing boundaries with unfired clay: Cassils, Magdolene Dykstra, Azza El Siddique, and Linda Swanson. See it now!
We're firing up the kilns again! Join us on Sundays from 1 - 3 pm for drop in clay classes in our pottery studios. We've reduced our class sizes to allow for safe physical distancing, and instituted new health and safety protocols. Registration opens online at 10 am on the morning of the class. We can't wait to see you back in the studios!
Every object in our permanent collection can be accessed through our eMuseum portal. Learn about individual collecting areas, like Italian Maiolica or Modern and Contemporary Ceramics, or search the full collection by keyword. You'll be amazed by what you discover!
As we begin to welcome visitors back to the Gardiner, we need your support to continue offering innovative and engaging exhibitions, programs, and community projects on site and online. Make a donation and help us build community with clay.
By Christina MacDonald, Collections Manager
In 2015, the Gardiner received a collection of Chinese export porcelain, or porcelain that was specifically created for export to the world market. Though Chinese in origin, these pieces were collected in India between 1864 and 1883 by Nicholas Marshall Cummins, a young Irish civil engineer who worked for the East Indian Railway Company. He brought the collection back to Canada in 1891 upon his retirement. A smaller selection of 25 pieces eventually found its way into the home of the Gross family in Montreal, where it remained until Janice Gross Stein and Susan Gross Solomon donated the collection to the Gardiner in memory of their mother, Anne Romoff Gross.
One of the pieces is a Dehua blanc de Chine figural group of two travellers riding a horse, made between 1700 and 1725. It’s a wonderful piece, rich with history and narrative, but with one problem: one of the travellers was missing a head.
We don’t normally restore pieces that come to us with parts missing, unless they’re in danger of further damage. But in this case, a private individual who was aware of the donation had a very similar piece that they offered to lend to us to use as a model for a new head. We couldn’t pass up such a unique opportunity.
The Gardiner doesn’t have a conservator on staff. With a ceramics collection that’s in great condition overall, any conservation work we do is minimal and usually consists of light cleaning. However, it does happen on occasion that a piece arrives broken or an old repair fails and we need more extensive conservation work to be done. When this happens, we turn to our contract conservator, Marlene Wilson, who operates a conservation studio in Toronto and has been working on the Gardiner’s collection for decades.
We presented Marlene with the headless figure and the comparable piece and she came up with a plan for its restoration. She would repair the head, clean the surface of the piece, and touch up other areas along the way. The whole process took a couple of months and we were absolutely thrilled with the result. Scroll through the photo diary below to see the transformation. Special thanks to Marlene Wilson for documenting the process and sharing the images with us.
Left: Figure provided for use as a model. Right: Figure undergoing restoration on the head, hat of the standing figure, horse’s ear, and foot of the seated figure (behind).
Close-up of view of the missing head
Head of the traveller on the comparison piece to be used as a model
Mixing two-part epoxy clay
Dusting the model head with talc before applying epoxy clay to prevent sticking
Making a mould for the hat
Making a mould for the face
Building up and shaping the foot
The moulds and their first cast
Shaping the hardened epoxy to a rough shape with a flexible shaft machine
Shaping the epoxy additions with glass paper
Layers of transparent colour are used to tone and fill the new head
Applying corrections and additions to cast head
Attaching hat to head and head to body; a ball of clay helps hold head in place
Airbrushing to blend the colour on the new head
Close up of the restored head
Before and after conservation
111 Queen's Park
Canada, M5S 2C7