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A new generation of artists is pushing the boundaries of an ancient material at the Gardiner Museum

3 years ago

RAW features new commissions by four leading artists working with unfired clay

TORONTO—From sticky to crusty, pliable to powdery, and shaped to shapeless, clay’s ability to transform in real time is prompting a new generation of artists to explore the possibilities of this ancient material.

The Gardiner Museum’s new exhibition RAW, opening on March 5, 2020, features the work of four leading artists who are pushing boundaries with unfired clay: Cassils, Magdolene Dykstra, Azza El Siddique, and Linda Swanson.

The Gardiner commissioned new installations from each of the artists, exploring themes that range from trans visibility to the sustainability of human population growth. What the works share is an emphasis on clay’s physical and metaphorical connection to the earth, our bodies, and the passage of time.

Clay has taken on new urgency and significance in recent years in the face of ecological crisis and the onslaught of digital technologies.

“Seeing, smelling, and feeling raw clay reminds us that we are here, we are alive, and that the physical world sustains us,” says Chief Curator Sequoia Miller, who organized the exhibition. “As digital screens come to dominate our vision and disconnect us from an increasingly threatened environment, clay takes on a critical role in resisting our collective withdrawal into the virtual.”

Clay in its raw, unfired state is an unconventional medium in visual art. Archeological examples survive, but the widespread use of raw clay, rather than fired ceramic, is a recent phenomenon. RAW explores how artists today are using unfired clay in innovative and entirely new ways, particularly as a time-based medium.

Each installation is taking shape on site, and will evolve over the course of the exhibition through factors like exposure to moving water. The works represent individual ecologies, constantly in a state of flux or becoming, revealing new developments and surprises with each visit. The public is encouraged to return throughout the run of the show to witness the evolution of the works.



On February 20, the Gardiner presented the highly-anticipated world premiere of a new performance work by Cassils titled Up To and Including Their Limits. Paying homage to the late feminist icon Carolee Schneemann, Cassils used raw clay to reimagine Schneeman’s historic performance piece
Up To and Including Her Limits from a trans and non-binary perspective.

Suspended from a harness in a plexiglass box with walls covered in thick raw clay, Cassils launched their body back and forth, clawing, swinging at the walls, and hurling chunks of clay to the floor. As they removed swaths of clay from the walls, Cassils created “windows” through which the audience could peer, engineering voyeurism into the work itself.

The remnants of Cassils’ performance, including the plexiglass structure, harness, clay, and video documentation are on view in the exhibition.

Magdolene Dykstra

Magdolene Dykstra takes inspiration from microbial forms of life, contemplating the delicate balance between symbiosis, or mutual support, and all out domination of the host. Her new work Polyanthroponemia visualizes our presence on the planet as an infestation. Large growths of raw clay appear to seep from the walls of the exhibition hall, the dry surface and earthiness evoking an emergent life form and transforming the sterile ‘white cube’ into a petri dish. Dykstra’s installation will continue to grow, or spread, over the course of the exhibition.

Azza El Siddique

In her largest and most ambitious work to date, Azza El Siddique asks how loss, memory, and the multiple fractures that result from a single event can impact us. Measure of one draws from the visual and symbolic language of an ancient Egyptian ritual temple built for Tirhaga (Taharqa), a Nubian pharaoh of the seventh century BCE. As a network of pipes and pumps drips water onto seventy-five unfired clay vessels arranged on a metal structure, they will erode and transform, dissolving the boundaries between materials and states of matter.

Linda Swanson

TEMPLUM OF A PRECIOUS THING OF NO VALUE, A SHAPELESS THING OF MANY SHAPES by Linda Swanson consists of four water-filled membranes that hang above a pristine field of powdered clay, slowly seeping onto the topography below. Swanson uses bentonite clay, which is capable of taking on many forms, akin to a human stem cell. The clay will crack, congeal, and change colour as it is exposed to drops of water over a three month span. Swanson’s primordial clay landscape invite us to consider our place in the universe and how ominous climactic events predict the future.

RAW is organized by the Gardiner Museum and runs from March 5 to June 7, 2020.

For more information, visit gardinermuseum.com.


Curator Tour
March 19, 5 – 6 pm
General $25 | Gardiner Friends $21
Join Chief Curator Sequoia Miller for a tour of the exhibition.

Raw Clay, Raw Food
March 21, 7 – 10 pm
General $45 | Gardiner Friends $38
Participants will be guided through a collective clay workshop and invited to sample raw food appetizers and fermented drinks in this playful studio mixer.

Slow Art Day
April 4, 1 – 2 pm
Free with admission
Take part in Slow Art Day by contemplating RAW’s four multi-sensory installations. Participants will be invited to experience each work for 10 minutes, followed by a group discussion.

Curator Tour
April 16, 5 – 6 pm
General $25 | Gardiner Friends $21
Join Chief Curator Sequoia Miller for a tour of the exhibition.

Earth Day
April 22, 6:30 – 8 pm
Free with admission
Celebrate Earth Day by making an earth-ball out of clay, compost, water, and seeds with Gelareh Saadatpajouh.

Thrown Together: RAW
May 2, 1-4 pm
General $60 | Gardiner Friends $51
This special event combines artist talks, panels, clay demonstrations, and exhibition tours led by artists Magdolene Dykstra, Azza El-Siddique, and Linda Swanson


The Gardiner Museum brings together people of all ages and backgrounds through the shared values of creativity, wonder, and community that clay and ceramic traditions inspire.

The George R. Gardiner Museum of Ceramic Art was founded by Toronto businessperson and philanthropist George Gardiner and his wife Helen in 1984, and was established in a building designed by Keith Wagland on the campus of Victoria University in the University of Toronto. The Museum was managed by the Royal Ontario Museum from 1987 to 1996 and then, with an additional endowment from George Gardiner before his death in 1997, became and remains an independent, non-profit museum. The Gardiner’s remarkable building was substantially renovated in 2004 by KPMB Architects.

The Gardiner Museum’s collection of ceramics comprises approximately 4,000 objects, and focuses on specific areas which have been collected in depth. These include the most important collection of European porcelain in Canada, with particular strengths in Meissen, Vienna, and Hausmaler decorated porcelain, as well as a comprehensive collection of figures inspired by the commedia dell’arte. It holds the best collection of Italian Renaissance maiolica in Canada, and a superb collection of English tin-glazed pottery. The Gardiner preserves highly significant collections of ceramics from the Ancient Americas, Chinese blue and white porcelain, Japanese porcelain, and contemporary Canadian ceramics. It also houses a research library and archives, clay studios, award-winning Shop, and a restaurant.

The Gardiner Museum is among the few museums in the world focused on ceramics, and is one of the world’s most notable specialty museums. For more information, please visit: www.gardinermuseum.com.


Media Contact:
Rachel Weiner
Senior Manager, Marketing
Gardiner Museum

Co-presenting Sponsors

Kim Spencer McPhee Barristers PC; The Rooney Family Foundation

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